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1. Summary of impact making publications:

(Research Publications)

Publication under the leadership of the lab, full reference

IF > 1.5

100 words summary of the truly impact making achievement, including socio-economic impact if any

Kumar, D.S. And Suman Ray (2014) 'Fungal Lipase Production by Solid State Fermentation -- An Overview', J Anal Bioanal Tech, 6: 230,  doi: 10.4172/2155-9872.1000230.

3.120

Importance of enzymes is ever-growing specifically microbial lipases which are of great industrial significance because of their applications in detergent, food, pharmaceutical, chemical and leather industry. Solid state fermentation (SSF) is an economical alternative for large scale production of enzymes that are produced by fungi. Therefore, production of lipases by solid state fermentation is a good and preferred option than submerged fermentation (SmF). The important factors in fermentation are carbon concentration, nitrogen concentration, pH, growth temperature, fermentation time and moisture content. This review mainly focuses on production of fungal lipase by solid state fermentation using various fungal strains, substrates and fermentation conditions. Enzyme characteristics, industrial application and assay methods of lipase, biomass estimation, enzyme extraction methods and engineering aspects of fermentation are also dealt with briefly. The main aim of the review is to give an overview of advancements in solid state fermentation for production of fungal lipase hitherto.

M. Bhati and R. Rai, (2017) 'Nanotechnology and water purification: Indian know-how and challenges', Environmental Science Pollution Research, 24(30): 23423-23435. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0066-3

2.700

 Water contamination being ubiquitous problem across the world. A significant strata of population worldwide are still struggling to get drinkable water. This demand to develop technologies to provide clean water at affordable price is unveiling the need of rigorous research in this area. There are several technologies available for removal of persistent as well as emerging pollutants from water. Nanotechnology-based technology are providing the promising solution because of its extraordinary characteristics like large surface area, low cost maintenance and reuse, etc. During the past decade, there is an advancement in the field of nanotechnology and diligent efforts of researchers in achieving milestones in developing nanosorbents, nanostructured catalytic membranes, efficient photo catalysts, bioactive nanoparticles and new filtration regime. This article gives an overview of nanotechnology applications in water purification in India with an attempt to ponder indigenous technologies for implementation. A bibliometric approach is applied to bring the indigenous technologies available. In addition, we discuss some challenges associated with the development of convincing material and building water processing plants for purification of the wastewater.

Aparna Basu,(2014) 'The Albuquerque model and efficiency indicators in national scientific productivity with respect to anpower and funding in science', Scientometrics, DOI 10.1007/s11192-014-1254-2,

2.320

 Abstract Due to recession in the world economy there is a trend towards a reduction in growth of R&D expenditure in the G7 countries. At the same time countries like China and Korea are investing more in scientific research. We compare the differences in the inputs to science for different countries and explore the level of efficiency in the output of scientific papers with respect to inputs such as manpower and investment. We find that the EU countries are relatively more efficient than Japan, the USA and also China and Korea so far as the production of papers is concerned. However, if efficiency is considered in terms of patents, Japan Korea and the USA are ahead. We compare our results with Albuquerque’s model linking patent to paper ratios and development, and find significant deviations for some countries. We deduce that there has been a shift from publishing towards patenting in certain countries and link it to high contribution from the business sector to R&D expenditure. Preliminary results of this analysis have been presented in Basu (In Proceedings of the 14th International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics (ISSI) Conference, 2013).

S. Bhattacharya, A. Kaul,  Shilpa and P. Sharma, (2014) 'Role of bilateral institution in influencing collaboration: Case study of CEFIPRA- A bilateral S&T institution established by India and France',  Scientometrics, 102 (1):169-194.

2.274

 International collaboration has become a strategic policy initiative for building scientific competency in different countries. This is driven by increasing realisation that no country possess all the wherewithal to address complexities of scientific research, dedicate huge funding, and confront global challenges. Varied institutional mechanisms have been created by different countries for strategising international collaboration such as signing bilateral agreements, initiating dedicated programs with partner countries in different S&T areas. Some countries have further deepened their relationship by creating bilateral S&T organisations/specialised centres. The role of bilateral organisation in strengthening inter-country research and innovation partnership is not explicitly underscored in collaboration studies. The present study addresses this issue by taking up the case study of a bilateral organisation IFCPAR/CEFIPRA (Indo-French Centre for Promotion of Advanced Research/Centre Franco-Indien pour la Promotion de la Recherche Avancée) which was established by India and France in 1987 to support their science and technology partnership. Through this case study the paper draws insight of inter-country collaboration in S&T and show how its dynamics and structural aspects are affected by a bilateral organisation.

S.V. Shrivats and S. Bhattacharya, (2014) 'Forecasting the trend of international scientific collaboration',  Scientometrics, 101(3):1941-1954.

2.274

 The study demonstrates an integrated method of forecasting the trend of a country's 
publications. In this context the paper examines international collaboration in a country's 
overall publication and forecasts its future trend. The integrated method is based on 
regression and scaling relationship. India is taken as a case study for this examination. The 
study shows some interesting features of India's publication pattern based on time-series 
data. One observes exponential nature of her publication growth from 2002 onwards …

Jaideep Ghosh,  Avinash Kshitij and Sandeep Kadyan (2015) 'Functional information characteristics of large-scale research collabortaion: Network measures and implications', Scientometrics, 102(2): 1207-1239.

2.274

This exploratory work sheds light on important functional information characteristics of the system of research collaboration by examining large-scale topological structures of co-authorship networks, created through the affiliative ties of scholarly articles published by collaborating researchers in peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings. The model adopted in this work to understand the underlying collaboration system incorporates the strengths of collaborative coupling among the researchers. The questions we examine in this work are as follows: (1) What new functional characteristics emerge when combined structural effects of collaborative coupling and large-scale connectivity exist in the networks? (2) What information does a specific closeness distribution of collaborating researchers convey with regard to the flow of knowledge through collaborative activities? (3) What is the temporal dynamics of large-scale structure formation in these networks? The work involves a comparative study of these characteristics using the networks of two countries: India and the US. Our results have important implications for scientometric studies of collaboration research

K.C. Garg and S. Kumar, (2016) 'Bibliometrics of global Ebola Virus Disease research as seen through Science Citation Index Expanded during 1987–2015', Travel medicine and Infectious Disease, available online 20 October, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2016.09.0132016

2.192

The present correspondence assesses the global research efforts related to Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) research and can be considered a supplement to the studies by Cruz-Calderon et al. [1] and Quarcoo et al. [2]. The source of data for the present bibliometric assessment is the 2800 journal articles and reviews indexed by Thomson Reuters Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) during 1987–2015. These records were downloaded by using the keyword Ebola* in the first week of January 2016. The aim of the study is to examine the pattern of growth of the EVD research output during 1987–2015 and to identify most prolific countries and institutions and the impact of their research output using total number of papers and the citations these received; Citations per Paper (CPP) and Relative Citation Impact (RCI).

J. Ghosh, A. Kshitij and B.M. Gupta, (2015), ‘Embedded information structures and functions of co-authorship networks: evidence from cancer research collaboration in India’, Scientometrics,  102(1): 285-306.

2.183

In this exploratory study, we analyze co-authorship networks of collaborative cancer research in India. The complete network is constructed from bibliometric data on published scholarly articles indexed in two well-known electronic databases covering two 6-year windows from 2000 to 2005 and 2006 to 2011 inclusive. Employing a number of important metrics pertaining to the underlying topological structures of the network, we discusses implications for effective policies to enhance knowledge generation and sharing in cancer research in the country. With some modifications, our methods can be applied without difficulty to examine policy structure of related disciplines in other countries of the world.

S. Bhattacharya (2018) 'Eugene Garfield: brief reflections', Scientometrics,  114(2) pp. 401-407, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-017-2620-7. IF 2.147

2.133

An analysis of 9,957 papers published by Indian scientists and indexed by WoS in 12 sub-disciplines of life sciences during 2008–2009 indicates that academic institutions produced the highest number of papers. Of these, 340 (3.4 %) were contributed by female scientists exclusively and 4,671 (47 %) were written jointly by male and female scientists. Women scientists produced about 0.36 papers per author, while their male counter parts produced 0.50 papers per author. Significant number of women scientists was first author and about 23 % were corresponding authors in papers written jointly by both sexes. Women scientists emphasized on the sub-discipline of cell biology and reproductive biology and male scientists emphasized on the sub-discipline of zoology. Women scientists work in small teams and have very less international collaborative papers. Women scientists publish in low impact factor and domestic journals and also are cited less as compared to their male counter parts.

Suman Ray and Asim Ray (2015) 'Medhya Rasayanas in Brain Function and Disease',  Medicinal Chemistry, 5(12): 505-511.

1.720

(Sanskrit word meaning “the scripture for longevity”) represents an ancient system of traditional medicine prevalent in India about 5000 years old. Rasayana concept of Ayurveda is believed to be useful to overcome challenging diseases to modern medicine i.e., regeneration of tissues after the disease condition like osteoarthritis, age related macular degeneration (AMD), Alzheimer's and Parkinsons disease, injuries, trauma, heart attack, stroke etc. Neurological and psychiatric disorders are generally associated with loss of memory, cognitive deficits, impaired mental function etc. The 'medhya rasayanas' are known to be beneficial to improve the intellectual e.g., mandukparni swaras, yashtimadhu churna with ksheer, guduchi swaras, and shankhapushpi kalka. Medhya Rasayana drugs are used for prevention and treatment of mental disorders of all the age groups. These drugs promote the Intellect (Dhi) Retention power (Dhriti), memory (Smriti). Mood disorders are known to be associated with considerable burden of disease, suicides, physical comorbidities, high economic costs, and poor quality of life. Therefore, it has become a major public health problem today. Unfortunately modern medicinebased psychoactive drugs have met with limited success in treatment of various neurological and psychiatric disorders due to multi-factorial nature of these diseases. This review discusses about Medhya Rasayanas as a great player for prevention and management of age related cognitive decline.

2. Summary of impact making initiatives achievements:

(Services, SDP, entrepreneurship/incubation, etc.)

Type of the impact making activity / initiative

Target section of the society / national need / strategic sector

 

100 word summary on the strategic and socio-economic  impact, as applicable

Document on BRICS S&T and Entrepreneurship (in collaboration with NIAS, Bangalore)

Multilateral co-operation between S&T institutions of BRICS

BRICS STEP document has contributed towards developing and amplifying BRICS’ efforts to create new ideas, new science and new concepts to relate to the world. The evidence-based analysis in the document provides sufficient ground for creating a product-driven BRICS S&T Enterprise, thereby creating a new identity and global leadership for BRICS. The document has provided significant and insightful inputs for the 4th BRICS STI Ministerial Meeting at Jaipur on 8th October, 2016.

 

Student Advisory and Institutional Ranking (StAIRS)

Students, Teachers, Budding scientists, Entrepreneurs

Student Advisory and Institutional Ranking Systems (StAIRS) is proposed as an enabling platform to provide measurable, verifiable and unbiased ranking of universities and R&D organizations through an Interactive User Interface.

The most distinguishing feature of StAIRS would be that it would be available as a web-based utility through which a user can redefine the weights (through an interactive interface) based on the user’s priorities and perception to help decision. A web-platform has been developed inhouse by NISTADS team has has been tested for coherency.

Medical Tourism decision support

Patients across the globe

 Medical Tourism is a growing industry and refers to a niche segment in which a person combines medical treatment with tourism for cost benefits and value addition. Naturally, certain ailments that need immediate treatments and others, like cardiac and orthopaedic (among the top treatments) give less leeway to the patients to partake of “tourism” experience. However, there is a host of other lifestyle/aesthetic treatments that would allow patients enough flexibility to explore tourist sites in and around their medical centre. Medical tourism can boost tourism receipts and employment in both medical centres as well as in other sectors.

Indian S&T and Innovation Policy (ISTIP) - Supra Institutional Project under 12thFive year plan (2012-2017) 

MSME and Entrepreneurs

The ISTIP research project intends to provide valuable inputs for S&T and Innovation decision making in CSIR and the country, and evolve novel strategies that can contribute towards technology based interventions for addressing pressing problems. It also aims to provide evidence based data & analytics to CSIR and other public institutions in policy planning and developing strategy for innovation. The project intends to address the critical knowledge gaps in above referred domains by focusing on mapping of actors and agents in India involved in creating capacity in various techno-economic domains, outcomes of multiple forms of knowledge in India and in other relevant countries. The critical assessment of India’s comparative strengths and gaps are undertaken within the larger context of capacities, and science and technology outputs and outcomes of advanced and emerging economies.

Virtual Attendance at work and School (VAWS)

 Pollution abatment

The major source of air pollution in a metropolis like Delhi is vehicular traffic. While the atmospheric circulation and precipitation act as natural and regular sinks, through advection and deposition, they have limits due to various dynamical and seasonal effects. Quite expectedly, the pollution peaks as the week progresses due to the accumulation. Thus a break or reduction in traffic even for a day would enable the natural circulation to clear the air. Such a break in traffic can be now affected non-disruptively through IT enabled work/school scheduling especially in large metros where there are good infrastructure and access. Our proposal is to implement a 2 +1+2 working week in which the third day (Wednesday) will be a day of Virtual Attendance at work and School (VAWS), with two regular working days before and after. This would allow spike of the air pollution to subside during mid of the week. In addition to reducing air pollution, VAWS will have several other socio-economic benefits like energy saving at work/school, reduction of travel related stress and health hazard, higher efficiency and improved quality life. It is argued and demonstrated that such a VAWS can be easily implemented and monitored through an organized system; a critical success factor is that VAWS should be implemented and synchronized for offices and schools. A comparative analysis is presented for implementability. The solution is shown to be sustainable and non-disruptive without any adverse effects and can be easily replicated in other metros.

Reduction of atmospheric CO2 over Delhi through non-disruptive and sustainable Carbon Sequestration: System Design and Proof of Concept

 -do-

CSIR NISTADS has initiated a Mission Carbon programme to address some of the most challenging problems like air pollution through innovative techno-social solutions. One immediate goal is to reduce, and stabilize CO2 concentration through non-disruptive and sustainable means. One such solution is to sequester atmospheric carbon using a special tropical aromatic plant, vetiver that our studies have shown to be a very efficient carbon sequester.

Development of Water-efficient Automated Irrigation System (WASIS)

Farmers in draught prone areas/remote areas. Smart city etc.

Creation of a technology product for Water Efficient Automated Smart Irrigation System for the farmers with incorporation of renewable energy for operation in remote areas. The system would have different variants for different client types.

Commercialize WASIS through industrial participation

Testing of WASIS in multiple and diverse operational environments for different users

Creation of different variants (small, medium, large farms)

Incorporation of Renewable Energy for use in remote areas

Creation of a necessary ecosystem through industrial participation

Knowledge and Awareness Mapping Platform (KAMP)

Students, teachers and parents

With the growing complexity of the knowledge system, and an information doubling time of now less than two years, a regular, objective and preferably quantitative assessment of awareness and the levels of knowledge on various subjects is a critical need, not only for students but also for teachers and parents. A platform that allows easy and objective assessment of skill would fill a critical gap.

Based on the algorithm and design developed at NISTADS, the Knowledge and Awareness Mapping Platform (KAMP)is proposed as an enabling platform to provide easy, objective, measurable and unbiased assessment of awareness and knowledge levels on various basic topics, with focus on science and technology through an Interactive User Interface.

Interfacing Science and Traditional Knowledge (ISTK)

Society as a whole

The success of modern science in the last few centuries can hardly be questioned; in a relatively short span of time modern science has built up a body of knowledge that is self-consistent, verifiable and often realizable as technology products. There exist, however, certain topics that may forever remain outside the realms of current scientific exploration, because of the very nature of the structure and approach of modern science. It is expected that interfacing of certain traditional knowledge with modern science would provide knowledge beyond the current scope of modern science. However, careful interpretation and certain methodological reorientation appear necessary. As a part of its quest for new knowledge pathways, CSIR-NISTADS is trying to identify resource persons for its proposed initiative to explore traditional knowledge and metaphysics. The emphasis is on exploratory knowledge; religious or religio-political issues are NOT included. This is a highly multidisciplinary area and a major challenge is to identify resource person with expertise/interest in the interface areas between science, metaphysics and other traditional knowledge systems. CSIR-NISTADS is trying to create a database of resource persons (scientists, scholars, thought leaders) in various areas.

Air Quality–linked Traffic Advisory System (AQTAS)

Smart City

Air quality depends on a number of pollutants from a wide spectrum of sources.  While surface emission from vehicular emission is a major source, other processes, like industry and advection from neighbouring regions also contribute significantly. The spatial and temporal distribution of pollutants in an urban location like Delhi is further complicated by complex circulation patterns induced by urban infrastructure. Removal of pollutants depend on local and large-scale meteorological parameters like rain, wind, humidity and temperature. A Real-time traffic advisory system based on air quality levels can provide pro-active preventive measure.

 

1. Summary of impact making publications:

(Research Publications)

Publication under the leadership of the lab, full reference

IF > 1.5

100 words summary of the truly impact making achievement, including socio-economic impact if any

Kumar, D.S. And Suman Ray (2014) 'Fungal Lipase Production by Solid State Fermentation -- An Overview', J Anal Bioanal Tech, 6: 230,  doi: 10.4172/2155-9872.1000230.

3.120

Importance of enzymes is ever-growing specifically microbial lipases which are of great industrial significance because of their applications in detergent, food, pharmaceutical, chemical and leather industry. Solid state fermentation (SSF) is an economical alternative for large scale production of enzymes that are produced by fungi. Therefore, production of lipases by solid state fermentation is a good and preferred option than submerged fermentation (SmF). The important factors in fermentation are carbon concentration, nitrogen concentration, pH, growth temperature, fermentation time and moisture content. This review mainly focuses on production of fungal lipase by solid state fermentation using various fungal strains, substrates and fermentation conditions. Enzyme characteristics, industrial application and assay methods of lipase, biomass estimation, enzyme extraction methods and engineering aspects of fermentation are also dealt with briefly. The main aim of the review is to give an overview of advancements in solid state fermentation for production of fungal lipase hitherto.

M. Bhati and R. Rai, (2017) 'Nanotechnology and water purification: Indian know-how and challenges', Environmental Science Pollution Research, 24(30): 23423-23435. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0066-3

2.700

Water contamination being ubiquitous problem across the world. A significant strata of population worldwide are still struggling to get drinkable water. This demand to develop technologies to provide clean water at affordable price is unveiling the need of rigorous research in this area. There are several technologies available for removal of persistent as well as emerging pollutants from water. Nanotechnology-based technology are providing the promising solution because of its extraordinary characteristics like large surface area, low cost maintenance and reuse, etc. During the past decade, there is an advancement in the field of nanotechnology and diligent efforts of researchers in achieving milestones in developing nanosorbents, nanostructured catalytic membranes, efficient photo catalysts, bioactive nanoparticles and new filtration regime. This article gives an overview of nanotechnology applications in water purification in India with an attempt to ponder indigenous technologies for implementation. A bibliometric approach is applied to bring the indigenous technologies available. In addition, we discuss some challenges associated with the development of convincing material and building water processing plants for purification of the wastewater.

Aparna Basu,(2014) 'The Albuquerque model and efficiency indicators in national scientific productivity with respect to anpower and funding in science', Scientometrics, DOI 10.1007/s11192-014-1254-2,

2.320

 Abstract Due to recession in the world economy there is a trend towards a reduction in growth of R&D expenditure in the G7 countries. At the same time countries like China and Korea are investing more in scientific research. We compare the differences in the inputs to science for different countries and explore the level of efficiency in the output of scientific papers with respect to inputs such as manpower and investment. We find that the EU countries are relatively more efficient than Japan, the USA and also China and Korea so far as the production of papers is concerned. However, if efficiency is considered in terms of patents, Japan Korea and the USA are ahead. We compare our results with Albuquerque’s model linking patent to paper ratios and development, and find significant deviations for some countries. We deduce that there has been a shift from publishing towards patenting in certain countries and link it to high contribution from the business sector to R&D expenditure. Preliminary results of this analysis have been presented in Basu (In Proceedings of the 14th International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics (ISSI) Conference, 2013).

S. Bhattacharya, A. Kaul,  Shilpa and P. Sharma, (2014) 'Role of bilateral institution in influencing collaboration: Case study of CEFIPRA- A bilateral S&T institution established by India and France',  Scientometrics, 102 (1):169-194.

2.274

 International collaboration has become a strategic policy initiative for building scientific competency in different countries. This is driven by increasing realisation that no country possess all the wherewithal to address complexities of scientific research, dedicate huge funding, and confront global challenges. Varied institutional mechanisms have been created by different countries for strategising international collaboration such as signing bilateral agreements, initiating dedicated programs with partner countries in different S&T areas. Some countries have further deepened their relationship by creating bilateral S&T organisations/specialised centres. The role of bilateral organisation in strengthening inter-country research and innovation partnership is not explicitly underscored in collaboration studies. The present study addresses this issue by taking up the case study of a bilateral organisation IFCPAR/CEFIPRA (Indo-French Centre for Promotion of Advanced Research/Centre Franco-Indien pour la Promotion de la Recherche Avancée) which was established by India and France in 1987 to support their science and technology partnership. Through this case study the paper draws insight of inter-country collaboration in S&T and show how its dynamics and structural aspects are affected by a bilateral organisation.

S.V. Shrivats and S. Bhattacharya, (2014) 'Forecasting the trend of international scientific collaboration',  Scientometrics, 101(3):1941-1954.

2.274

The study demonstrates an integrated method of forecasting the trend of a country's 
publications. In this context the paper examines international collaboration in a country's 
overall publication and forecasts its future trend. The integrated method is based on 
regression and scaling relationship. India is taken as a case study for this examination. The 
study shows some interesting features of India's publication pattern based on time-series 
data. One observes exponential nature of her publication growth from 2002 onwards …

Jaideep Ghosh,  Avinash Kshitij and Sandeep Kadyan (2015) 'Functional information characteristics of large-scale research collabortaion: Network measures and implications', Scientometrics, 102(2): 1207-1239.

2.274

This exploratory work sheds light on important functional information characteristics of the system of research collaboration by examining large-scale topological structures of co-authorship networks, created through the affiliative ties of scholarly articles published by collaborating researchers in peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings. The model adopted in this work to understand the underlying collaboration system incorporates the strengths of collaborative coupling among the researchers. The questions we examine in this work are as follows: (1) What new functional characteristics emerge when combined structural effects of collaborative coupling and large-scale connectivity exist in the networks? (2) What information does a specific closeness distribution of collaborating researchers convey with regard to the flow of knowledge through collaborative activities? (3) What is the temporal dynamics of large-scale structure formation in these networks? The work involves a comparative study of these characteristics using the networks of two countries: India and the US. Our results have important implications for scientometric studies of collaboration research

K.C. Garg and S. Kumar, (2016) 'Bibliometrics of global Ebola Virus Disease research as seen through Science Citation Index Expanded during 1987–2015', Travel medicine and Infectious Disease, available online 20 October, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2016.09.0132016

2.192

The present correspondence assesses the global research efforts related to Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) research and can be considered a supplement to the studies by Cruz-Calderon et al. [1] and Quarcoo et al. [2]. The source of data for the present bibliometric assessment is the 2800 journal articles and reviews indexed by Thomson Reuters Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE) during 1987–2015. These records were downloaded by using the keyword Ebola* in the first week of January 2016. The aim of the study is to examine the pattern of growth of the EVD research output during 1987–2015 and to identify most prolific countries and institutions and the impact of their research output using total number of papers and the citations these received; Citations per Paper (CPP) and Relative Citation Impact (RCI).

J. Ghosh, A. Kshitij and B.M. Gupta, (2015), ‘Embedded information structures and functions of co-authorship networks: evidence from cancer research collaboration in India’, Scientometrics,  102(1): 285-306.

2.183

In this exploratory study, we analyze co-authorship networks of collaborative cancer research in India. The complete network is constructed from bibliometric data on published scholarly articles indexed in two well-known electronic databases covering two 6-year windows from 2000 to 2005 and 2006 to 2011 inclusive. Employing a number of important metrics pertaining to the underlying topological structures of the network, we discusses implications for effective policies to enhance knowledge generation and sharing in cancer research in the country. With some modifications, our methods can be applied without difficulty to examine policy structure of related disciplines in other countries of the world.

S. Bhattacharya (2018) 'Eugene Garfield: brief reflections', Scientometrics,  114(2) pp. 401-407, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-017-2620-7. IF 2.147

2.133

An analysis of 9,957 papers published by Indian scientists and indexed by WoS in 12 sub-disciplines of life sciences during 2008–2009 indicates that academic institutions produced the highest number of papers. Of these, 340 (3.4 %) were contributed by female scientists exclusively and 4,671 (47 %) were written jointly by male and female scientists. Women scientists produced about 0.36 papers per author, while their male counter parts produced 0.50 papers per author. Significant number of women scientists was first author and about 23 % were corresponding authors in papers written jointly by both sexes. Women scientists emphasized on the sub-discipline of cell biology and reproductive biology and male scientists emphasized on the sub-discipline of zoology. Women scientists work in small teams and have very less international collaborative papers. Women scientists publish in low impact factor and domestic journals and also are cited less as compared to their male counter parts.

D.S. Kumar and Suman Ray, (2014) 'Fungal Lipase production by solid state fermentation-An overview',  J Anal Bioanal Tech, 5: 230 doi:10.4172/2155-9872.1000230

2.000

Importance of enzymes is ever-growing specifically microbial lipases which are of great industrial significance because of their applications in detergent, food, pharmaceutical, chemical and leather industry. Solid state fermentation (SSF) is an economical alternative for large scale production of enzymes that are produced by fungi. Therefore, production of lipases by solid state fermentation is a good and preferred option than submerged fermentation (SmF). The important factors in fermentation are carbon concentration, nitrogen concentration, pH, growth temperature, fermentation time and moisture content. This review mainly focuses on production of fungal lipase by solid state fermentation using various fungal strains, substrates and fermentation conditions. Enzyme characteristics, industrial application and assay methods of lipase, biomass estimation, enzyme extraction methods and engineering aspects of fermentation are also dealt with briefly. The main aim of the review is to give an overview of advancements in solid state fermentation for production of fungal lipase hitherto.

Suman Ray and Asim Ray (2015) 'Medhya Rasayanas in Brain Function and Disease',  Medicinal Chemistry, 5(12): 505-511.

1.720

(Sanskrit word meaning “the scripture for longevity”) represents an ancient system of traditional medicine prevalent in India about 5000 years old. Rasayana concept of Ayurveda is believed to be useful to overcome challenging diseases to modern medicine i.e., regeneration of tissues after the disease condition like osteoarthritis, age related macular degeneration (AMD), Alzheimer's and Parkinsons disease, injuries, trauma, heart attack, stroke etc. Neurological and psychiatric disorders are generally associated with loss of memory, cognitive deficits, impaired mental function etc. The 'medhya rasayanas' are known to be beneficial to improve the intellectual e.g., mandukparni swaras, yashtimadhu churna with ksheer, guduchi swaras, and shankhapushpi kalka. Medhya Rasayana drugs are used for prevention and treatment of mental disorders of all the age groups. These drugs promote the Intellect (Dhi) Retention power (Dhriti), memory (Smriti). Mood disorders are known to be associated with considerable burden of disease, suicides, physical comorbidities, high economic costs, and poor quality of life. Therefore, it has become a major public health problem today. Unfortunately modern medicinebased psychoactive drugs have met with limited success in treatment of various neurological and psychiatric disorders due to multi-factorial nature of these diseases. This review discusses about Medhya Rasayanas as a great player for prevention and management of age related cognitive decline.

2. Summary of impact making initiatives achievements:

(Services, SDP, entrepreneurship/incubation, etc.)

Type of the impact making activity / initiative

Target section of the society / national need / strategic sector

100 word summary on the strategic and socio-economic  impact, as applicable

Document on BRICS S&T and Entrepreneurship (in collaboration with NIAS, Bangalore)

Multilateral co-operation between S&T institutions of BRICS

BRICS STEP document has contributed towards developing and amplifying BRICS’ efforts to create new ideas, new science and new concepts to relate to the world. The evidence-based analysis in the document provides sufficient ground for creating a product-driven BRICS S&T Enterprise, thereby creating a new identity and global leadership for BRICS. The document has provided significant and insightful inputs for the 4th BRICS STI Ministerial Meeting at Jaipur on 8th October, 2016.

Student Advisory and Institutional Ranking (StAIRS)

Students, Teachers, Budding scientists, Entrepreneurs

Student Advisory and Institutional Ranking Systems (StAIRS) is proposed as an enabling platform to provide measurable, verifiable and unbiased ranking of universities and R&D organizations through an Interactive User Interface.

The most distinguishing feature of StAIRS would be that it would be available as a web-based utility through which a user can redefine the weights (through an interactive interface) based on the user’s priorities and perception to help decision. A web-platform has been developed inhouse by NISTADS team has has been tested for coherency.

Medical Tourism decision support

Patients across the globe

Medical Tourism is a growing industry and refers to a niche segment in which a person combines medical treatment with tourism for cost benefits and value addition. Naturally, certain ailments that need immediate treatments and others, like cardiac and orthopaedic (among the top treatments) give less leeway to the patients to partake of “tourism” experience. However, there is a host of other lifestyle/aesthetic treatments that would allow patients enough flexibility to explore tourist sites in and around their medical centre. Medical tourism can boost tourism receipts and employment in both medical centres as well as in other sectors.

Indian S&T and Innovation Policy (ISTIP) - Supra Institutional Project under 12thFive year plan (2012-2017) 

MSME and Entrepreneurs

The ISTIP research project intends to provide valuable inputs for S&T and Innovation decision making in CSIR and the country, and evolve novel strategies that can contribute towards technology based interventions for addressing pressing problems. It also aims to provide evidence based data & analytics to CSIR and other public institutions in policy planning and developing strategy for innovation. The project intends to address the critical knowledge gaps in above referred domains by focusing on mapping of actors and agents in India involved in creating capacity in various techno-economic domains, outcomes of multiple forms of knowledge in India and in other relevant countries. The critical assessment of India’s comparative strengths and gaps are undertaken within the larger context of capacities, and science and technology outputs and outcomes of advanced and emerging economies.

Virtual Attendance at work and School (VAWS)

 Pollution abatment

The major source of air pollution in a metropolis like Delhi is vehicular traffic. While the atmospheric circulation and precipitation act as natural and regular sinks, through advection and deposition, they have limits due to various dynamical and seasonal effects. Quite expectedly, the pollution peaks as the week progresses due to the accumulation. Thus a break or reduction in traffic even for a day would enable the natural circulation to clear the air. Such a break in traffic can be now affected non-disruptively through IT enabled work/school scheduling especially in large metros where there are good infrastructure and access. Our proposal is to implement a 2 +1+2 working week in which the third day (Wednesday) will be a day of Virtual Attendance at work and School (VAWS), with two regular working days before and after. This would allow spike of the air pollution to subside during mid of the week. In addition to reducing air pollution, VAWS will have several other socio-economic benefits like energy saving at work/school, reduction of travel related stress and health hazard, higher efficiency and improved quality life. It is argued and demonstrated that such a VAWS can be easily implemented and monitored through an organized system; a critical success factor is that VAWS should be implemented and synchronized for offices and schools. A comparative analysis is presented for implementability. The solution is shown to be sustainable and non-disruptive without any adverse effects and can be easily replicated in other metros.

Reduction of atmospheric CO2 over Delhi through non-disruptive and sustainable Carbon Sequestration: System Design and Proof of Concept

 -do-

CSIR NISTADS has initiated a Mission Carbon programme to address some of the most challenging problems like air pollution through innovative techno-social solutions. One immediate goal is to reduce, and stabilize CO2 concentration through non-disruptive and sustainable means. One such solution is to sequester atmospheric carbon using a special tropical aromatic plant, vetiver that our studies have shown to be a very efficient carbon sequester.

Development of Water-efficient Automated Irrigation System (WASIS)

Farmers in draught prone areas/remote areas. Smart city etc.

Creation of a technology product for Water Efficient Automated Smart Irrigation System for the farmers with incorporation of renewable energy for operation in remote areas. The system would have different variants for different client types.

Commercialize WASIS through industrial participation

Testing of WASIS in multiple and diverse operational environments for different users

Creation of different variants (small, medium, large farms)

Incorporation of Renewable Energy for use in remote areas

Creation of a necessary ecosystem through industrial participation

Knowledge and Awareness Mapping Platform (KAMP)

Students, teachers and parents

With the growing complexity of the knowledge system, and an information doubling time of now less than two years, a regular, objective and preferably quantitative assessment of awareness and the levels of knowledge on various subjects is a critical need, not only for students but also for teachers and parents. A platform that allows easy and objective assessment of skill would fill a critical gap.

Based on the algorithm and design developed at NISTADS, the Knowledge and Awareness Mapping Platform (KAMP)is proposed as an enabling platform to provide easy, objective, measurable and unbiased assessment of awareness and knowledge levels on various basic topics, with focus on science and technology through an Interactive User Interface.

Interfacing Science and Traditional Knowledge (ISTK)

Society as a whole

The success of modern science in the last few centuries can hardly be questioned; in a relatively short span of time modern science has built up a body of knowledge that is self-consistent, verifiable and often realizable as technology products. There exist, however, certain topics that may forever remain outside the realms of current scientific exploration, because of the very nature of the structure and approach of modern science. It is expected that interfacing of certain traditional knowledge with modern science would provide knowledge beyond the current scope of modern science. However, careful interpretation and certain methodological reorientation appear necessary. As a part of its quest for new knowledge pathways, CSIR-NISTADS is trying to identify resource persons for its proposed initiative to explore traditional knowledge and metaphysics. The emphasis is on exploratory knowledge; religious or religio-political issues are NOT included. This is a highly multidisciplinary area and a major challenge is to identify resource person with expertise/interest in the interface areas between science, metaphysics and other traditional knowledge systems. CSIR-NISTADS is trying to create a database of resource persons (scientists, scholars, thought leaders) in various areas.

Air Quality–linked Traffic Advisory System (AQTAS)

Smart City

Air quality depends on a number of pollutants from a wide spectrum of sources.  While surface emission from vehicular emission is a major source, other processes, like industry and advection from neighbouring regions also contribute significantly. The spatial and temporal distribution of pollutants in an urban location like Delhi is further complicated by complex circulation patterns induced by urban infrastructure. Removal of pollutants depend on local and large-scale meteorological parameters like rain, wind, humidity and temperature. A Real-time traffic advisory system based on air quality levels can provide pro-active preventive measure.